Technical data and general information of Pine Wood.

Pine Wood

Taxonomic Classification

Scientific Name:
Pinus Radiata (D.Don)

Family:
Pinaceae

Order:
Pinales

Chilean Name:
Pino, Pino Insigne

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Pine Wood Description

Pinus radiata (D. Don), commonly known as Monterey pine or pine, is originally from the west coast of the United States, specifically California. It was introduced in Chile in the late nineteenth century, managing to successfully adapt climate and soil of the country, reaching even higher growth, and less time, those in their region of origin. Evergreen, needlelike leaves grouped in threes with a length between 7 and 15 cm, tapered. Straight trunk with bark thinner than in the pinaster. The leaves are dark green.

Habitat of Pine Trees

originates in the western United States. In Chile this species grows in the following environmental conditions:

According to Altitude

Low altitude, interior valleys.
Coastal mountains, 500 – 2000 m.
Coast, 0 – 500 m

Water Conditions

Dry areas where the drought may last 3 to 5 months. Precipitations of 400 – 800 mm are concentrated in winter.

Light Conditions

Exposed. Full sun without protection. Flats or slopes of northern exposure. Some shadow. Some protection against the sun some shadow from vegetation, rocks, ETC. filtering about 20 – 40% of light.

Pine Wood Properties

Property Description
Color Brown heartwood and sapwood white – yellow
Knots Normally healthy, firm, dark brown
Growth ring Notorious
Fiber Right, except close to the bone rings
Texture Homogeneous and Fine
Odor Slightly Resinous
Nominal Density 450 kg/m 3
Contraction From the green state at 0% moisture content
Tangential 7,0%
Radial 4,2%
Volumetric 11,2%
Permeability Treatable sapwood and heartwood retention. 240 kg .m 3

Uses or Applications of Pine Wood

Use of Pine WoodPine Wood is used in the Manufacture of:

  • Furniture
  • Plywood and chipboard
  • Pallets
  • Packaging